Responsibilities of a muslim concerning a NEWBORN..

“To ALLAH SWT belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth; HE SWT creates what HE SWT wills. HE SWT bestows to whom HE SWT wills female [children], and HE SWT bestows to whom He SWT wills male or HE SWT creates them [both] males and females, and HE SWT renders whom HE SWT wills barren. Indeed, HE SWT is all Knowing and Competent.” [Ash-Shura 42:50]. Surely, children are gifts from ALLAH SWT. Prophet Zechariah had no son until he wept and cried to ALLAH SWT for one. ALLAH SWT says, “And [mention] Zechariah, when he called to his Lord, “My Lord, do not leave me alone [with no heir], while you are the best of inheritors.” So WE responded to him, and WE gave to him Yahyaa and amended for him his wife. “[Al-Anbiya 21:89,90]. ALLAH SWT the Glorious granted him a son from a barren wife.

ALLAH SWT says while mentioning the traits of HIS noble slaves, “And those who say, “Our Lord, grant us from among our wives and offspring comfort to our eyes” [Al-Furqan: 25:74]. It therefore becomes imperative to fulfill some duties which ALLAH SWT has levied upon an individual whom HE SWT has granted an offspring.

1. Aqeeqah (slaughtering): Aqeeqah is a term used for an animal, to be slaughtered for the sake of a new-born baby whether male or female. It is a Sunnah Moakkadah (a Sunnah that has been emphasized upon) according to the majority of scholars. Prophet PBUH said, “Aqeeqah is to be offered for a (newly born) boy, so slaughter (an animal) for him, and relieve him of his suffering.” (Bukhari). Prophet PBUH offered Aqeeqah of his grandsons Hassan and Hussain (may ALLAH SWT be pleased with them). It is important to note that Aqeeqah should be offered on the seventh day as he PBUH said, “Every child is dependent on his Aqeeqah. It should be slaughtered for him on the seventh day, his hair shaved and he should be given a name” (Saheeh Abu Dawud, Tirmizi, Nasai). In case of delay, it should be offered as soon as possible for him. The Aqeeqah of a boy is with two sheep and a girl with one. Prophet PBUH said, “It is two sheep for a boy and one for a girl.” (Saheeh Abu Dawud, Ahmed, Nasai)

Note: If a person’s parents have not offered his Aqeeqah, he can himself offer his own Aqeeqah

2. Naming the newborn: The newborn should be conferred an appropriate name on his/her seventh day of birth according to Sunnah. The prophet PBUH renamed inept and unislamic names. The best of names are Abdullah and AbdurRahman. Ibn Umar RA said that the Prophet PBUH said, “The best of your names in the sight of ALLAH SWT are Abdullah and AbdurRahman” (Muslim). Names other than these are also permitted under the condition that they should not be attributing shirk or mean ill. One such example is the name, Abdul Munaf or Munaf. During the times of Prophet PBUH, Munaf was the name of an idol hence Abdul Munaf would mean the slave of the Idol Munaf.

Note: Prefix of “Abd” should only be labelled to the 99 known names or Sifaat of ALLAH SWT, rest all would be termed as Shirk.

3. Shaving the head of the newborn: The head of the newborn male or female should be shaved on the seventh day of birth after the Aqeeqah. This shorn hair should be weighed and an equal amount of silver (equal to the weight of the shorn hair) should be given away as charity. Ali RA said to Fatimah RA, “O Fatimah, shave his (her son Hassan’s) head and give silver equal to the weight of his hair as charity” (Hasan Tirmizi)

4. Tahneek: It is a practice to chew a date (a portion of it) and make the newborn to taste it until a bit of it enters his stomach. Narrated Abu Musa RA: “A son was born to me and I took him to the Prophet who named him Ibrahim, did Tahneek for him with a date, invoked ALLAH SWT to bless him and returned him to me.” (Bukhari)

5. Pronouncing Azan (Call to prayer): An Azan should be said in the right ear of the child. According to Abu Raavi’s hadith, he says, “I saw the Prophet PBUH giving azan, as that of prayer, in the ear of Hasan bin Ali when Fatimah RA delivered him” (Hasan Tirmizi)

Kindly be aware that the Sunnah regarding Aqeeqah, confering a name and shaving the head are to be observed on the seventh day of the child’s birth, whereas tahneek and azan are to be discharged soon after the birth. It is therefore the prime responsibility of parents to bring up the child in an Islamic environment so that the offsprings are better Muslims inshALLAH.

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11 thoughts on “Responsibilities of a muslim concerning a NEWBORN..

  1. Its nice to learn and think about your continuous views., by going by todays side we can only say that muslim community has attracted themselves to keeping most popular names which they feel will give their child an very bright or excellant future.. but i feel why don’t our elders get educated about naming w.r.t the sahabas or wali Allah’s or other big names who protected Islam, so that it can flourish. And look what we idiot’s are doing moving away from them and creating our own grave yard. Allah subahan ta’ala hum sabko sahi sunne ki, samjhne ki aur sahi raaste pe chalne ki toufeeq, hidayat de… Aaamen Sumameen…

  2. A very important message, clear and crisp to the point with supported Verses of Al-Quran and Ahadith.

    This is a very important practice upon every Muslim that we ensure the Sunnah of the Prophet pbuh on a new born is rightly dealt with, so that he/she becomes a practicing Muslim the parents and child himself benefit from the good deeds thereafter he/she does. Allah is most merciful and Glorious, and we seek His mercy all thru out our lives and in the Hereafter in particular.

  3. Excellent, I strongly recommend you repeatedly emphasize to our Ummah, the relative importance of Aqeeqah. Most of us are totally unaware of this.

    Secondly, giving a name to the new born, it seems to be a practice in our Muslim community to name the child after a celebrity or after a personality who has gained lot of recognition in whatever field he or she has excelled in. The names Abdullah and Abdul Rahman attribute to a worshiper of ASWT and the other the worshiper of the Most Benificent. Similarly, new born baby girls may be named after the Ummahatul Momineen.

    Thirdly, the practice of Tahneek is rarely found in our community. This Sunnah should also be practiced.

    Finally, the dua’a “Rabbana Hab Lana min Azwajina Wa Zurriyatina Qurrata A’ayunin wa ja’alna lil muttaqeena wa Imama. (Our Lord, grant us from among our wives and offspring comfort to our eyes) should always be recited for ASWT blesses those who seek His blessings.

    Dear Shoaib, For the excellent work you are discharging, I pray to may Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala grant you ever increasing prosperity and grand success both in this world and the hereafter. Amin.

  4. I know of many people with the name ‘Munaf’. So, is this wrong?

    Also, can anyone slaughter cow or goat instead of sheep?

  5. This is a very important practice upon every Muslim that we ensure the Sunnah of the Prophet pbuh on a new born is rightly dealt with, so that he/she becomes a practicing Muslim the parents and child himself benefit from the good deeds thereafter he/she does. Allah is most merciful and Glorious, and we seek His mercy all thru out our lives and in the Hereafter in particular.

  6. Assalamualaikum. My wife’s due date is nearing.. I would like to be with her during her labour and delivery. Is it in anyway against any Islamic rules and ettiquettes? She is very much fine and comfortable with it.
    Also, can the mother give azaan and iqamah in the baby’s ear?

    1. Wa alaikumus salaam Mr. Khalid,

      First : There is nothing wrong in being with your wife during her labour and delivery, and it is in no way against any Islamic rules and etiquettes. Some people say that being with her wife during labor and delivery increased their love for the wife and child. Whereas some say that they like to be with her during labour, but prefer to be away during delivery due to some emotional fallout. Anyway, you dont go against any Islamic rule if you wish to stay with her or be away from her.

      Second : It is permissible for a woman (mother of the child or any Muslim woman) to pronounce azan in the ear of the child. This is different from the opinion of those scholars who specify that this should be done by a man, as is the case with regard to the adhaan for prayer. But since this azan is not for any prayer and the aim here is simply to mention the name of Allah and seek blessing, there is nothing wrong if a woman gives azan in the baby’s ear.

      Also, giving azan in the ear of the child is narrated. But pronouncing iqamah is no where found in the saheeh Ahadith or the traditions. And Allah knows the best.

      May Allah gift you with a healthy child and make him/her a treasure for Islam and Muslims. Aameen.

      [Saqib Hafiz]

  7. I heard a Sheikh in Uganda alleging that all evidence pertaing making Adhan and Iqaamah for a newly born baby is invalid.Thus it should not be done.How true is that?

  8. WE MAY OBSERVE THAT OUR PROPHET ENCOURAGED ALL GOOD PRACTICES OF THEN ARAB WORLD DISCONTINUED ALL BAD PRACTICES SUCH GOOD DESIRABLE PRACTICES ARE TREATED AS PIOUS DUTY OR SUNHAT LIKE AQUEEQUA ,CIRCUMCISION, VULUHIYA, UMRA ETC NOWADAYS, SOME SNOBBISH, PEOPLE MORE IMPORTANCE TO THESE RITUALS THAN TO THE OBLIGATORY /FARLU SUCH ZKKATH,FAST, PRAYER ETC

    LEADERS AS WELL AS ALL GOOD PEOPLE MAY TRY TO RECTIFY THESE TYPE OF EXHIBITIONISM AND SHOULD GIVE PROPER GUIDANCE TO COMMON PEOPLE SO THAT THEY MAY LEAD A MODEL LIFE IMBIBING THE TRUE SPIRIT OF ISLAM

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