Farewell sermon by PROPHET MUHAMMED (PBUH)

All praise be to Allah. We glorify Him and seek His help and pardon; and we turn to Him. We take refuse with Allah from the evils of ourselves and from the evil consequences of our deeds. There is none to lead him astray whom Allah guides aright, and there is none to guide him aright whom He leads astray. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah alone, having no partner with Him, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His bondman and His Messenger. I admonish you, O bondmen of Allah! To fear Allah alone and I urge you to His obedience and I open the speech with that what is good.

O people! Listen to my words: I will deliver a message to you, for I know not whether, after this year, I shall ever be amongst you here again. O people! Verily your blood, your property and your honour are sacred and inviolable until you appear before your Lord, as this day and this month are sacred for all. Verily you will meet your Lord and you will be held answerable for your actions. Have I not conveyed the message? O Allah! Be my witness. He, who has any trust with him, should restore it to the person who deposited it with him. Beware; no one committing a crime is responsible for it but he himself. Neither the son is responsible for the crime of his father, nor the father responsible for the crime of his son.

O people! Listen to my words and understand them. You must know that a Muslim is the brother of the Muslim and they form one brotherhood. Nothing of his brother is lawful for a Muslim except what he himself allows willingly. So you should not oppress one another. O Allah! Have I not conveyed the message?

Behold! All practices of paganism and ignorance are now under my feet. The blood-revenges of the days of ignorance are remitted. The first claim on blood I abolish is that of Ibn Rabilah Ibn Harith who was nursed in the tribe of Saad and whom the Hudhail killed. Usury is forbidden, but you will be entitled to recover your principal. Wrong not and you would not be wronged. Allah has decreed that there should be no usury and I make a beginning by remitting the amount of interest which Abbas b. Abd al-Muttalib has to receive. Verily it is remitted entirely.

O people! Fear Allah concerning women. Verily you have taken them on the security of Allah and have made their persons lawful unto you by words of Allah. Verily you have certain rights over your women and your women have certain rights over you. It is incumbent upon them to honor their conjugal rights and not commit acts of impropriety which, if they do, you have authority to chastise them, yet not severely. If your wives refrain from impropriety and are faithful to you, clothe and feed them suitably. Behold! Lay injunctions upon women, but in a kind manner.

O people! Listen and obey though a mangled Abyssinian slave is your Amir (ruler) if he executes the ordinances of the Book of Allah among you.

O people! Verily Allah has ordained for every man the share of his inheritance. The child belongs to the marriage-bed and the violator of wedlock shall be stoned. He who attributes his ancestry to other than his father or claims clientship to other than his master, the curse of Allah, that of the angels, and the people will be upon him. Allah will accept from him neither repentance nor righteousness.

O people! Listen, O listen! Verily the Satan despairs of ever being worshipped in this land of yours, but he will be pleased even if you follow him in matters which you regard as trifles. Therefore, you abstain from obedience to Satan.

Verily, I have left amongst you the Book of Allah (Quran) and the Sunnah of His Apostle (Hadith) which if you hold fast, you shall never go astray. And if you were asked about me, what would you say? They (companions) replied: We bear witness that you have conveyed the message and discharged your ministry.
O people! Verily the intercalation (of a prohibited month) aggravates infidelity. Thereby the unbelievers are led to wrong. For they make it lawful one year and forbid it in another year to be in conformity with the number (of months) which Allah declared to be unlawful; so they consider violable that which Allah declared to be inviolable and they consider inviolable what Allah declared to be violable.

Verily the time has revolved in its own way from the day when the heavens and the earth were created. The number of months to Allah is twelve of which four are sacred; three are consecutive–Dhil QaÕdah, Dhil Hijjah, Muharram, and Rajab which is between Jamadah and ShaÕban. So I apprise you that your lives, your property and your honor must be as sacred to one another as this sacred day, in this sacred month, in this sacred town.

And your slaves; see that you feed them with such food as you eat yourselves; and clothe them with the clothes that you yourselves wear. And if they commit a fault which you are not inclined to forgive, and then part with them for they are the servants of Allah and are not to be chastised.

Behold! Listen to me. Worship your Lord; offer prayers five times a day; observe fast in the month of Ramadan; make pilgrimage to the House (Kabah); pay readily the Zakat on your property and obey whatever I command you; only then you will get into heaven.

O people! Verily your Lord is one and your father is one. All of you belong to one ancestry of Adam, and Adam was created out of clay. There is no superiority for an Arab over a non-Arab and for a non-Arab over an Arab; or for white over the black or for the black over the white except in piety. Verily the noblest among you is he who is the most pious.
The one who is present here should convey the message to the one who is absent. I have conveyed the message.

Then looking up to the heaven, he said: O Lord! I have delivered the message and discharged my ministry.

O Lord! I request Thee, bear Thou witness unto it. It was at this time that the verse regarding the completion of religion was revealed to him: This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion. [Al-Maidah 5:3]



Jummah: Eid ul Momineen

Just as Ramadan has the supremacy over all other months, Laylatul Qadr over other nights of the year, so is Jummah (Friday) over rest of the days of the week. Muslims are blessed with three occasions to celebrate of which two are celebrated yearly (Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Azha) and one is celebrated weekly, the Jummah. Jummah is also known as Eid-ul-Mumineen (festival of true believers).

Jummah is blessed; auspicious and prominent day for a Muslim. Prophet PBUH said: “Jummah is the best of days. It was on this day that Prophet Adam (AS) was created, it was on this day that he was granted entry into Jannah, it was on this day that he was removed from Jannah (which is a precursor for human existence in this universe, and Alhamdulillah is a great blessing), and the day of resurrection will also be evidenced on this day.” [Sahih Muslim]. Narrated Abu Hurairah: I heard ALLAH’s Apostle PBUH saying, “We (Muslims) are Scriptures before us. And this was their day (Jummah) the celebration of which was made compulsory for them but they differed about it. So ALLAH gave us the guidance for it (Friday) and all the other people are behind us in this respect: the Jews’ the last (to come) but (will be) the foremost on the Day of Resurrection though the former nations were given the Holy (holy day is) tomorrow (i.e. Saturday) and the Christians’ (is) the day after tomorrow (i.e. Sunday).” [Sahih Bukhari].

Ali Ibn Abi Taalib (RA) narrated: On the pulpit in the mosque of Kufah: When Jummah appears, the devils go to the markets with their flags, and involve people in their needs and prevent them from the Jummah prayer. The angels come early in the morning, sit at the door of the masjid, and record that so-and-so came at the first hour, and so-and-so came at the second hour until the imam calls out Qutbah – Jummah sermon. When a man sits in a place where he can listen (to the sermon) and look (at the imam), where he remains silent and does not interrupt, he will receive a double reward. If he stays away, sits in a place where he cannot listen (to the sermon), silent, and does not interrupt, he will receive the reward only once. If he sits in a place where he can listen (to the sermon) and look (at the imam), and he does not remain silent, he will have the burden of it. If anyone says to his companion sitting beside him to be silent (while the imam is delivering the sermon), he is guilty of idle talk. Anyone who interrupts (during the sermon) will receive nothing (no reward) on that Jummah. Then he (the narrator) says in the end of this tradition: I heard the Apostle of ALLAH SWT say so. [Abu Dawood]

Jummah is obligatory on every Muslim who has attained the age of puberty and who is sane. If he fails to attend without a valid excuse, then it is a major sin. Whoever does not attend three Jummahs (in a row) out of negligence; his heart is sealed and is regarded as one of the ghaafileen (negligent, heedless). Abu Hurairah and Ibn ‘Umar (may ALLAH be pleased with them both) said, that they heard the Prophet PBUH saying from his pulpit, “People should definitely stop neglecting Jummah, or else ALLAH will most certainly seal their hearts and they will most certainly be among the ghaafileen.” [Muslim]

The punishment for remaining absent from Jummah is severe in a state ruled by a Muslim. The hakim (ruler) can flog or imprison such a person. Hence we all must fear ALLAH and strive to attend Jummah without fail.

Taking of Ghusl (bathing), use of siwak and applying perfume are few things that Prophet PBUH used to practice on Friday. Most of the religious scholars are of the opinion that bathing on Jummah is Wajib on every Muslim whereas applying perfume and using siwak is not. Narrated Abu Sayeed: I testify that ALLAH’s Apostle said, “The taking of a bath on Jummah is compulsory for every male Muslim who has attained the age of puberty and (also) the cleaning of his teeth with Siwak, and the using of perfume if it is available.” Amr (a sub-narrator) said, “I confirm that the taking of a bath is compulsory, but as for the Siwak and the using of perfume, ALLAH knows better whether it is obligatory or not, but according to the Hadith it is as above.” [Bukhari]. On one Friday, Prophet PBUH said: “O Muslims! ALLAH SWT has made this day a day of Eid. So take bath on this day, whoever has perfume should apply it, and use the miswaak.” [Ibn Majah]

Prophet PBUH said “Whoever recites Surat Al-Kahf on Friday; it will illuminate him with light from one Friday to the next.” [Ahmed].

Pray we all respect and benefit from the blessed day of Jummah and ALLAH guide us so that we become among the ones who are enlightened. Aameen