Umar bin Abdul Azeez, Fifth righteous Caliph

Hazrath Umar bin Abdul Aziz is popularly acknowledged as “Al-Khalifat-us-Saleh” (The pious Caliph) or “Al-Khalifa Al Khamis” (The fifth righteously guided Caliph). He was the son of Abdul Aziz (Governor of Egypt) and Umm-i-Aasim (grand-daughter of the Caliph, Hazrath Umar RA). Born in 63 A.H. (682 A.D.) in Halwan, a village of Egypt and pursued education in Medina under the auspices of his maternal uncle, Abdullah Ibn Umar. Student life in Medina, renowned as the pinnacle of learning in Islamic world at the time, was immensely instrumental in moulding his life on every aspects of Islamic code. Umar bin Abdul Aziz married Fatima, daughter of his uncle, Caliph Abdul Malik.

Appointment as Caliph

In 706 AD, he was appointed as the Governor of Medina by Caliph Waleed. The Umayyad Caliph, Sulaiman Bin Abdul Malik nominated Umar Bin Abdul Aziz as his successor. On his death, the mantle of Caliphate fell upon Umar Bin Abdul Aziz who reluctantly accepted it.  Relinquishing all pomp and pageantry, the pious Caliph returned the royal charger, refused security and deposited the entire Caliphate equipment in the Bait-ul-Maal (Government Exchequer) thereby shunning the entitled luxury. He longed for commoner life and preferred to abode in a small tent. Upon being queried about his downheartedness, the Caliph responded, “Is it not a thing to worry about? I have been entrusted with the welfare of such a vast empire and I would be failing in my duty if I did not rush to the help of a deprived person.” Thereafter, he ascended the pulpit and delivered a masterly sermon mentioning, “Brothers! I have been burdened with the responsibilities of the Caliphate against my will. You are at liberty to elect anyone whom you like.” But the audience unanimously cried out with one voice that he was the paramount personality for the esteemed high office. Thereupon the pious Caliph advised his people to observe steadfastness on the path of piety. He empowered his subjects to withdraw their oath of allegiance to him, if he ever wavered from the path of ALLAH SWT.


Umar Bin Abdul Aziz was a competent administrator, well versed in his obligation towards this world and the Hereafter. He was extremely hard working and seldom enjoyed rest. His rule was envisioned based on Caliph Umar’s administration model. According to Imam Sufian Thauri, there are five pious Caliphs namely Abu Bakr, Umar Farooq, Uthman, Ali and Umar Bin Abdul Aziz.

Though his rule was brief, it is eminent for reinstallation of   democratic process which was left in the lurch by his predecessors. He replaced corrupt and tyrannical Umayyad administrators with accomplished and just ones. The primary act post assumption of office was restoration of the properties confiscated by the Umayyads to their rightful owners. He was hardly free from the burial ceremonies of Caliph Sulaiman and wished to take a short respite. His son reminded him whether if he would rest before dealing with cases pertaining to confiscated properties. He replied, “Yes, I would deal with these after taking rest.” “Are you sure, that you would live up to that time?” asked the son. The father kissed his dear son and thanked Allah SWT for blessing him with a virtuous son. He immediately dealt with the matter. He surrendered all his movable and immovable properties to the public treasury including a ring presented to him by Caliph Waleed. His faithful slave, Mazahim was deeply moved at this uncommon sight and asked, “Sir, what have you left for your children?” “ALLAH”, was the reply. SUBHANALLAH !!

Public Works Department

The public welfare institutions received greater stimulus. Thousands of public wells and inns were constructed throughout the expanse of vast empire. Charitable dispensaries were established. Government funded travelling expenses for the destitute travelers.

Crisis handling

The house of Umayyads, accustomed to luxuries at the expense of the common man, revolted against the revolutionary decree of the Caliph and bitterly protested against the disposal of their age-long properties.

To diffuse the crisis, the Caliph invited some prominent members of the House of Umayyads for dinner and advised his cook to delay meal preparation. As the guests were groaning with hunger, the Caliph ordered his cook to hurry up. At the same time he asked his men to bring some parched gram which he himself as well as his guests ate to their fill. Minutes later, dinner was served and the guests refused saying that they had satisfied their appetite. Thereupon the pious Caliph spoke out, “Brothers! when you can satisfy your appetite with a simple diet, then why do you play with fire and usurp the properties and rights of other.” These words pierced the conscience of the nobles of the House of Umayyads, rendering them to tears.

Compassion towards the poor

Once his wife witnessed him weeping after his prayers; she inquired reason for his grief; he replied: “O! Fatima ! I have been appointed as the ruler of Muslims and I am concerned about the poor that are starving, the sick that are destitute, the naked that are in distress, the oppressed that are stricken, the strangers  that are in prison, the venerable elders, one with a large family and modest means, and the likes of them in countries of the earth and the distant provinces, and I anticipate that my Lord would hold me accountable for them on the Day of Resurrection, and I fear that no defense would avail me, and I wept.”


His promising son, Abdul Malik, advised his father to be severe in introducing his beneficial reforms. The wise father responded, “My beloved son, your proposal can be realized only by sword, but there is no good in a reform that necessitates the use of the sword.”

A Guest house for underprivileged was constructed from the funds of Bait-ul-Maal. His servant burned the firewood of this guest house to heat water for his ablution. He forthwith replaced the same quantity of firewood. On another occasion, he refused to use the water heated from the State charcoal. Umar Bin Abdul Aziz never dwelled in the Khansara’s government palatial buildings and instead chose to camp in the open.


Umar Bin Abdul Aziz was a loving father but he never pampered his children with luxuries and comforts. Once he sought audience with his favorite daughter, Amina but she could not appear as she was improperly dressed. Her aunt came to know of it and purchased necessary garments for his children.

 He never accepted any presents from anyone. Once, a person presented a basket full of apples. The Caliph appreciated the apples but refused to accept them. The Caliph clarified his stance, “No doubt, those were presents for the Prophet, but for me this will be bribery.”


A slave of the Caliph was bribed to administer the deadly poison. The Caliph having felt the effect of the poison, detained the slave and questioned the rationale for his action. The slave replied that he was given one thousand dinars to accomplish the task. The Caliph deposited the amount in the public Treasury, acquitted the slave and advised him to abscond from the place immediately, lest anyone might kill him. Thus, he breath last in 719 A.D. at a youthful age of 36 at the place called Dair Siman (The convent of Siman) near Hams.

Umar Bin Abdul Aziz was one of the noblest souls that ever subsist in this world. His martyrdom plunged the Islamic world into gloom. It was a day of national mourning: the populace of the small town came out to pay their last homage to the departed leader. He was buried in Dair Siman on a piece of land he had purchased from a Christian. He reportedly left behind only 17 dinars with a will that out of this amount, the rent of the house in which he died and the price of the land in which he was buried would be paid.

Power of Patience

We live in difficult times, in a stricken world, wherein human beings continually lose their sense of being. 

Today, life is about instant gratification, with patience thrown to the winds. Few are willing to go through the wise and time-tested routine of observation, reflection, planning and action to achieve noble ends. In such a world, absolute values erode into oblivion while relative values come and go. Nothing matters as long as ends are achieved, with few being bothered about the means.

To be sure, patience, as a prime virtue, appears in the Qur’an, no less than 90 times. In Islam, therefore, faith without patience is a contradiction of sorts. Says the Qur’an: “And seek assistance with patience and prayer, and assuredly it is a hard thing except for the humble,” [Al Baqarah 2: 45].

Abu Yahya Suhaib bin Sinan RA reported that: The Messenger of Allah PBUH said, “How wonderful is the case of a believer; there is good for him in everything and this applies only to a believer. If prosperity attends him, he expresses gratitude to Allah and that is good for him; and if adversity befalls him, he endures it patiently and that is better for him,” [Muslim].

Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri RA reports that Certain people of the Ansar asked the Messenger of Allah PBUH and he gave them; then they again asked him and he gave them until he exhausted whatever he had. Then the Prophet PBUH said, “Whatever wealth I have, I will not withhold from you. Whosoever would be chaste and modest; Allah will keep him chaste and modest and whosoever would seek self-sufficiency, Allah will make him self-sufficient; and whosoever would be patient, Allah will give him patience, and no one is granted a gift better and more comprehensive than patience,” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Patience can be of several types: one that is exercised when avoiding sins and another when committing oneself to acts of worship and obedience. There is also a third type often required in the face of affliction which, like repentance, forms a regular part of the believer’s religious experience in Islam.

According to Marshall Mcluhan, the modern world has rendered into a global village via cable TV, internet, social networking sites etc. The benefits aside, the connectivity these offer comes not without serious pitfalls. The value systems of the people, for instance, stand negatively transformed.

The absolute standard of values provided by pure religion – which, until recently, guided people in locating moral benchmarks in life – are in sharp contrast to the trends generated by New Media. The guidance of the Qur’an, quite in harmony with human nature, is a case in point.

It aids the believer in building his willpower, his perseverance. Instead of struggling merely for self-gratification, it re-routes the believer’s energies into a quest for perfection in the cause of Allah SWT, but that too a quest in which assistance is sought from on high. The believer is thus shown his way to patience, forbearance and gratitude.

Few can escape the need to exercise patience: some do it willingly, others unwillingly. The true believer does so willingly, out of his faith in Allah SWT and the knowledge that he will be rewarded for such forbearance.

Doubtless, real hope thrives only in invoking Allah SWT in the alleviation of our pain, our suffering. Impatience and panic helps little in overcoming hurdles. Thus, the truly wise, as soon as an adversity appears, does what the unenlightened attempts after a month or more: resort to Patience.

This article was published in Deccan Herald, a daily of Karnataka and the author of the script is Tariq Jameel.


To love the Prophet PBUH is a supreme act of iman. It is indeed he, who bestowed us the true religion (of Islam), inculcated manners in us, guided us through every stride of our lives, and endowed us through his Sunnah, a recipe for successful life here and hereafter. Many at times the proclamation of love for our adored Prophet PBUH renders null and void by mere utteration. We either don’t accomplish the requirements of his love or else confine his love to make-believe boundaries suited to our liking. A true lover of Muhammad PBUH is the one who devotes self to the teachings of Allah SWT and the Prophet PBUH. Allah SWT mentions, “Say (O Muhammad), if you should love Allah, then follow me, (so) Allah will love you and forgive you your sins.” [Al-Imran 3:31]

Beloved becomes dearer as the love blossoms and bonds them together. Mostly love, the most special feeling within our hearts, will cease to exist if it is pre-occupied by other emotion. The only fear a lover constantly bears is the pain of separation. Alhamdulillah, he who faithfully loves the Prophet PBUH is guaranteed that he be won’t apart from the beloved Prophet PBUH even in hereafter. Narrated by Anas RA, a Bedouin came to the Prophet and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! When will The Hour be established?” The Prophet responded, “Woe to you, what have you prepared for it?” The Bedouin replied, “I have not prepared anything for it, except that I love Allah SWT and His Apostle.” The Prophet said, “You will be with those whom you love.” We (the companions of the Prophet) said, “And will we too be so? The Prophet affirmed, “Yes” So we became very glad on that day,” [Bukhari]. Allah SWT says, “And whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger, those will be with the ones upon whom Allah has bestowed favor of the prophets, the steadfast affirmers of the truth, the martyrs and the righteous. And excellent are those as companions,” [An-Nisa 4:69].

A Muslim is he who adores the Prophet PBUH more than his parents, his children, his belongings and even more than himself. Reported by Abu Hurairah RA that the Prophet PBUH said, “By Him in Whose Hands my life is, none of you will have faith till he loves me more than his father and his children,” [Bukhari]. In another narration by Anas RA, it is stated “none of you will have faith till he loves me more than his father and his children and all mankind,” [Bukhari]. It is important to note that in both these hadiths, the Prophet PBUH has sworn upon ALLAH SWT which depicts the graveness of the subject matter. A person’s faith is incomplete until his love for the Prophet PBUH is complete and absolute. Abdullah-bin-Hisham RA narrated: We were with the Prophet and he was holding the hand of Umar bin Al-Khattab. Umar said to Him, “O Allah’s Apostle! You are dearer to me than everything except my own self.” The Prophet said, “No, by Him in Whose Hand my soul is, (you will not have complete faith) till I am dearer to you than your own self.” Then Umar said to him, “However, now, by ALLAH, you are dearer to me than my own self.” The Prophet said, “Now, O Umar, (now you are a believer),” [Bukhari]

A believer can experience the bliss and sweetness of Islam when he possesses the love of Allah SWT and His Messenger PBUH. Anas RA narrated that the Prophet PBUH said, “Whoever possesses the following three qualities will taste the sweetness of faith:

  1. The one to whom ALLAH and His Apostle become dearer than anything else.
  2. Who loves a person and he loves him only for Allah’s sake.
  3. Who hates to revert to disbelief (atheism) after Allah has brought (saved) him out from it, as he hates to be thrown in fire.” [Bukhari and Muslim].

ALLAH SWT has stringently warned his slaves to beware if the desire for any worldly possessions, or materialistic life, or its temporary pleasures, etc exceeds the love for Allah SWT and HIS Prophet PBUH. Allah SWT declares, “Say (O Muhammad), if your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your relatives, wealth which you have obtained, commerce wherein you fear decline, and dwellings with which you are pleased are more beloved to you than Allah and His messenger and jihad in His cause, then wait until Allah executes His command. And Allah does not guide the defiantly disobedient people.” [Al-Taubah 9:24]. This is a cautionary advice to wait for what will befall of Allah SWT’s punishment and torment. May Allah SWT engross HIS love in our hearts and protect us from this obscured retribution.  Aameen

Benefits of TAQWA

Elaborating on TAQWA: The Fear of ALLAH , I wish to enlighten dear audience about the blessings the most merciful ALLAH has granted for devoted slaves for being Taqwa compliant. ALLAH SWT enjoins the mankind to submit to HIM so as to safeguard our own selves from HIS wrath. Indeed, securing from HIS rage and earning HIS gratificaton is adequate for us as a reward of Taqwa, but it does not cease here. There are more glad tidings from ALLAH the Almighty for fearing HIM. Remuneration of Taqwa in our lives is immense hereafter and not less compensating here. Casting light on few ….                                                                                                                                                                                  

Easeness of matters

Things get trouble-free and affairs are simplified for the one who fears ALLAH SWT. ALLAH SWT mentions, “And whoever fears ALLAH – HE will make for him of his matter ease” [At-Talaq: 65:4]. HE further pronounces, “As for he who gives and fears ALLAH and believes in the best [reward], WE will ease him toward ease,” [Al Lail, 92:5-7].

Blessings from the heaven and the earth

Blessings of both the worlds are enclosed within Taqwa. ALLAH SWT proclaims, “And if only the people of the cities had believed and feared ALLAH, WE would have opened (bestowed) upon them blessings from the heaven and the earth…” [Al Aaraf, 7:96]

Help from ALLAH during distress and grieves

Help from the source you least expect. That is the wonder of Taqwa! ALLAH promises, “And whoever fears ALLAH – HE will make for him a way out. And will provide for him (his needs) from where he does not expect,” [At-Talaq, 65: 2,3].

Good news in both the worlds

Showers of blessings. ALLAH mentions, “Those who believed and were fearing ALLAH. For them are the good tidings in the worldly life and in the hereafter,” [Yunus 10:63,64]. Ubadah RA asked Prophet PBUH the meaning of the mentioned verse. He was replied, “It (good news) is the good dream which a muslim sees or is shown to him,” [Ibn Majah: Hadith 3898].

Protection from the enemies

Feel protected with Taqwa. ALLAH SWT says, “And indeed, the wrong-doers are allies of one another; but ALLAH is the protector of those who fear ALLAH,”[Al Jathiyah 45:19]. In another verse HE pronounces, “And if you are patient and fear ALLAH, their plot will not harm you at all,” [Al Imran, 3:120].

Rectification of deeds

Taqwa betters your actions. ALLAH SWT the glorified says, “O you who believe, fear ALLAH and speak words of appropriate justice. HE Will (then) amend for you your deeds and forgive you your sins,” [Al Azhab 33:70,71].

Obtaining ALLAH’s mercy

Gain most merciful ALLAH’s mercy through Taqwa. HE mentions, “My mercy encompasses all things. So I will decree it (especially) for those who fear ME…” [Al Aaraf, 7:156].

Protection from ALLAH’s punishment

Resurrected are the ones who fear ALLAH SWT. ALLAH SWT warns that the hell fire will be exposed to all on the day of Judgement and none will be saved from that but HE promises, “Then WE will save those who feared ALLAH and leave the wrong-doers within it, on their knees” [Maryam 19:72]

The path to paradise

Undoubtedly greatest reward for the good deeds is paradise. ALLAH SWT has reiterated that paradise will be especially for God-fearing persons. HE says, “And hasten to forgiveness from your Lord and a garden (i.e., paradise) as wide as the heavens and earth, prepared for those who fear,” [Al Imran, 3:133]. HE mentions, “That is paradise, which WE give as inheritance to those of Our servants who were fearing of ALLAH,” [Maryam 19:63]

Forementioned are some of the many benefits affirmed in the holy Quran. May ALLAH help us to fear HIM every moment of our lives, in the daylight and in the darkness, in open and in secret, in our blessings and during the times of trails and tribulations; perhaps to gain HIS forgiveness. ALLAH SWT proclaims that, “HE is worthy of fear and adequate of granting forgiveness” [Al Muddathir 74:56]

TAQWA: The Fear of ALLAH

ALLAH SWT has decreed in Holy Quran: “Every Soul will taste Death” [Al Imran 3:185] and accordingly the Creator has specified a time when HIS creation will cease to exist. Death is as certain for all as life. Even an atheist will concur that death is a universal truth. Post death, on the day of resurrection (Qiyamah), all of us will assemble and our Book of Deeds will be revealed. None will be spared from presenting the Account of Deeds. Wise is the one who reflects on this and is better prepared in advance for the ultimate examination. What could be the best thing a person can possess to present to ALLAH?

Fear of ALLAH SWT is the best thing what a servant (of ALLAH) can take as a provision for the goodness of his Deen (way of life). ALLAH SWT states, “And take provisions, but indeed, the best provision is fear (of ALLAH)” [Baqarah 2: 197]. No good deed is acceptable except that which is a result of Taqwa. ALLAH says: “But righteousness is (in) one who fears (ALLAH)” [Baqarah 2:189].

Let us understand the meaning of Taqwa. Taqwa essentially is to protect self from punishment of ALLAH by obeying HIS orders and by abstaining from what HE has prohibited. It was reported that Umar bin Khattab asked Ubay Ibn Ka’b about Taqwa. In reply Ka’b queried Umar (RA), ” O Leader of the believers, what do you do when you have to pass through a thorny road? Umar (RA) replied, “I lift my cloth up to my calves and watch my footsteps and take each step slowly from the fear of thorns lest they don’t prick me”. Ka’b said, “This is Taqwa”.

ALLAH SWT says, “O you who have believed, fear ALLAH as HE should be feared and do not die except as Muslim (in submission to HIM) [Al Imran 3:102]. He who fears ALLAH SWT and acts according to HIS instructions will be secured from HIS punishment. ALLAH SWT says: “And fear ALLAH and know that ALLAH is severe in penalty” [Baqarah 2:196]. He who is safe from the torment of that day (Qiyamah) will notice that his days on earth were nothing compared to what he is rewarded. ALLAH says: “And the hereafter is better for one who fears (ALLAH)” [Nisa 4:77].

Some of the factors that lead to Taqwa are:

Obedience to ALLAH’s diktat and abstinent from what HE SWT prohibits;
Submission to the Will of ALLAH and to the decree HE SWT has set;
Love of ALLAH SWT and HIS Messenger PBUH;
Striving in the way of ALLAH and HIS Messenger.

We observe that the affection towards this worldly and materialistic life has corrupted our heart to renounce Islam and its beautiful teachings. We have become slaves of this perishing life to such an extent that we consider the rich and those who have gained this world and its splendours or luxuries to be the most successful. Woe on us!! Whereas ALLAH says, “Indeed the most noble of you in the sight of ALLAH is he who has the most consciousness and fear (of ALLAH)”. [Al-Hujraat 49:13].

Abu Zar RA narrates that the Prophet SAW said to him, “Fear ALLAH wherever or however you are, and make a good deed subsequent to a bad deed; so that the good wipes away the bad, and treat people with the best of characters” [Tirmizi]. Our beloved Prophet SAW always advised his companions to fear ALLAH in all their matters. He once said, “Fear (ALLAH) in your worldly matters and fear HIM regarding your wives” [Ibn Majah]. In another hadith, Abu Ummah RA narrates that he heard the Prophet SAW saying in a speech during his Hajj, “Fear ALLAH, and pray your five prayers, fast your month, and pay the zakat of your money, and obey those who are in authority among you so that you will enter your Lord’s Paradise.” [Tirmizi].

The ill morale and character of the present society has deprived us the fear of ALLAH. Satan has showcased evil deeds in such an attractive package that the evils are being glorified and not considered harm. The condition of Muslim society can be improved only by retaining and refreshing Taqwa in our lives, i.e. by fearing ALLAH SWT and acting on HIS orders. May ALLAH guide us to HIS fear and reward us better than what we deserve and may HE love us in return of our fear for HIM. Aameen. ALLAH mentions, “whoever fulfils his commitment and fears (ALLAH) – then indeed, ALLAH loves those who fear (HIM)” [Al-Imran 3:76].

Pray before you are prayed upon

The religion of Islam stands majestically on five pillars as stated in one of the hadith as Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Islam is based on five (pillars): testifying that there is no true God except Allah and that Muhammad (PBUH) is His slave and Messenger; performing of Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat); the payment of Zakat; performing Hajj (pilgrimage) to the House [of Allah (Ka`bah)]; and Saum (fasting) during the month of Ramadan.” [Bukhari and Muslim].

Offering Salat is nothing but a form of worship which establishes a link between the man and his creator. Through Salat a man communicates with his creator. Salat is the best way of remembrance of Allah SWT as Allah SWT Himself says “Indeed, I am Allah. There is no deity except Me, so worship Me and establish prayer for My remembrance”[Taha 20:14]. Moreover Salat is the best way out for an individual to shun his pride. By prostrating in Salat the slave of Allah affirms that he is nothing more than dust of the floor.

As soon as an individual enters into the fold of Islam by testifying Shadah, the next thing that becomes obligatory on him is to perform Salat five times a day. The chapter of Salat is described with great emphasis in both Quran and Sunnah. It acts as a borderline between the believer and a non believer as Prophet PBUH said, “That which differentiates us from the disbelievers and hypocrites is our performance of Salat. He, who abandons it, becomes a disbeliever.”[At-Tirmidhi]. The position of all four madhaahib–Maliki, Shafi’ee, Hanbali, and Hanafi–with no difference of opinion–is that a person who does not pray, ever, is not a Muslim. Scholars are of a mixed opinion regarding this tradition; some say the one who believes leaving Salat is permissible, becomes kafir whereas the one who leaves it because of sagginess is not a kafir. Some scholars think that if such a person does not repent then he is liable to Hadd i.e. death punishment. There are some scholars who think instead of death punishment such a person should be subjected to corporal punishment till he starts offering Salat.

Salat wipes the minor sins of a human being. Prophet PBUH said, “Let anyone tell me; if a stream flows by the house of any person and he baths in it five times a day, whether any dirt will remain on his body.” The companions replied that no dirt would remain in such a case. He said, “So is the case with prescribed prayers. Allah forgives ones sins (minor) on their account.”(Bukhari, Muslim)

An account of Salat will be the foremost deed to be dealt with on the day of resurrection. The Prophet PBUH said “The first of his actions for which a servant of Allah SWT will be held accountable on the Day of Resurrection will be his prayers. If they are in order, then he will have prospered and succeeded; and if they are inadequate, then he will have failed and lost. If there are any shortcomings in his obligatory prayers, the Lord (The Glorified and the Exalted) will say: See if My servant has any optional prayers with which may be compensated that which was flawed in his obligatory prayers. Then the rest of his actions will be judged likewise”. (Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, an-Nasai, Ibn Majah and Ahmad). (Hadith Qudsi).

Blessings of Zuhr, Isha and fajr prayers, Prophet Muhammed PBUH said ” And if they could know the merit of retiring to the mosque early for noon prayers, they would go there running and if they were to know the blessings of night and early morning prayers, they would go to the mosque dragging themselves on their buttocks even if they had not the strength to walk up to it” (Bukhari, Muslim).

Similarly, the wrath of Asr prayer is as stated in one of the traditions of Prophet PBUH “Whoever misses the ‘Asr prayer (intentionally) then it is as if he lost his family and property.” (Bukhari).

The apathy of Muslims, in spite of knowing the compulsion of Salat thoroughly evidenced by Quran, are grossly complacent. This sorry attitude is the reason for our condition today. How can we expect ALLAH’s help and mercy when we show our callous approach in invoking His blessings through Salat. A humble request to my fellow Muslims is to establish regular Salat and in return expect countless favours and unlimited bounties from the almighty. Aameen.