Say this before slaughtering an Udhiyah

Every year on the day of Eid-ul-Adha, this question often crops up in the minds of those performing the Sunnah of Udhiyah. Is there any specific dua that one has to read when slaughtering the animal?

First, let us understand what Udhiyah stands for. The word Udhiyah means an animal of the An’aam class (camel, cow, sheep or goat) that is slaughtered during the days of Eid-ul-Adha as an act of worship, intending to draw closer to Allah thereby.

One who wants to slaughter the Udhiyah has to say Bismillaah wa Allaahu akbar, Allaahumma haaza minka wa laka, haaza ‘anni (or if it is being offered on behalf of someone else, haaza ‘an [fulaan]), Allaahumma taqabbal min [fulaan] wa aali [fulaan]. (In the name of Allah, Allah is most great. O Allah, this is from You and to You. This is on my behalf (or if it is being offered on behalf of someone else, this is on behalf of [So and so]). O Allah, accept (this sacrifice) from [So and so] and the family of [So and so] – here one should mention his name instead of [fulaan] or [So and so].

Allaahumma minka (O Allaah, from You) means this sacrifice is a gift and provision that has reached me from You. Laka (to You) means, it is sincerely for You alone.

However, what is obligatory here is to say Bismillaah; the rest is mustahabb.

Anas RA said: The Prophet PBUH sacrificed two horned rams that were white speckled with black. He slaughtered them with his own hand, said Bismillaah and Allaahu akbar, and put his foot on their necks (Bukhari and Muslim).

Aaishah RA narrets that Prophet PBUH ordered that a horned ram be brought to him so that he could sacrifice it. He said, “O ‘Aa’ishah, give me the knife.” Then he said, “Sharpen it on a stone.” So she did that, then he took it and took the ram, and he lay it down and prepared to slaughter it. He said, “In the name of Allah, O Allah accept (this sacrifice) from Muhammad and the family of Muhammad and the ummah of Muhammad,” then he sacrificed it, (Muslim).

Jabir bin Abdullah said: I was present with the Prophet PBUH on the day of Eid-ul-Adha at the prayer place. When he had finished his Khutbah he came down from his minbar (pulpit) and a ram was brought which the Messenger of Allaah PBUH slaughtered with his own hand. He said, “In the name of Allah, Allah is Most Great. This is on behalf of myself and on behalf of those of my ummah who have not offered a sacrifice.” Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.


“Verily, Death is full of agonies”

Madina was totally engulfed in confusion and anxiety. The Companions of the Prophet PBUH had assembled around his house with tearful eyes and grieving hearts. The reports pouring out from the house revealed that his condition was extremely precarious and there was very little optimism in his recovery. It culminated that only a few moments of his precious life remained.

The Companions of the Prophet were yearning of have a glimpse of their beloved Prophet PBUH from close, but situation demanded that none except the members of the family visit him. The Prophet PBUH kissed his grandsons, Al-Hasan and Al-Husain and recommended that they be taken care of. He advised his wives to remain steadfast in their remembrance of ALLAH. As the relentless pain kept torturing, He turned to wife Aisha and said: “I feel as if death is approaching.” He ordered the people to perform the prayers and be good to slaves. He repeated it several times. The misery of our times is that we are callous with this advice.

The honoured daughter Hazrath Fatimah RA was sitting beside her father’s bed. She kept gazing at his illuminated face and witnessed that the perspiration of death was flowing down his face and forehead. With a heavy heart, tearful eyes, and choked throat, she was reciting the following verse which Abu Talib had recited in praise of the Prophet: “The luminous face in whose honour rains are sought from the clouds. The person who is the asylum for the orphans and the guardian of the widows”.

At this moment the Prophet PBUH, opened his eyes and said to his daughter in a low voice: “This is a verse which Abu Talib recited about me. It will, however, be better if, instead of the same, you recite this verse of the Holy Qur’an: “Muhammad is but a messenger. The messengers have already passed away before him. Will it be that, when he dies or is slain, you will turn back on your heels? He who turns back does no hurt to ALLAH, and ALLAH will reward the thankful.” [Al Imran 3:144]

The Prophet’s love for his only surviving child was one of the most sublime manifestation of human sentiments, so much so that he never proceeded on a journey without bidding farewell to his daughter and upon his return he first sought her audience. He accorded her great respect as compared with his wives and used to tell his Companions: “Fatimah is a part of my body. Her pleasure is my pleasure and her anger is my anger.” (Bukhari)

Throughout the Prophet’s illness Fatimah remained beside him. The Prophet PBUH signalled her to speak to him. She brought her head close to her father’s head and conversed with him in low tones. The people around were unaware of what transpired between them. When the Prophet PBUH ceased talking, Hazrath Fatimah RA wept bitterly. However, soon after this the Prophet made a sign to her again and spoke to her in low tones. This time she raised her head in a pleasant mood with smiling lips. Those present were amazed to observe these two antithetical conditions, and requested Fatimah RA to enlighten them. She replied: “I am not going to divulge the secret of the Prophet of ALLAH”.

After the passing away of the Prophet PBUH, on the insistence of Hazrath Aisha RA, Hazrath Fatimah RA broke her silence and said “In the first instance my father informed me about his death and stated that he was not likely to recover from his illness. Hence, I began weeping profusely. However, when he talked to me for the second time he told me that I would be the first person from amongst his Ahl-al-Bayt who would join him. This made me happy and I understood that I would be joining my dear father very soon”. [Tabaqat Ibn Saad].             

When the pang of death initiated, Aisha RA leant Prophet PBUH against her. She mentioned: It was a great Divine favour on me that the Prophet PBUH breathe his last in my room, while I am still alive. He departed between my chest and neck whilst leaning against me. ALLAH SWT enjoined his saliva with mine at his demise. ‘Abdur-Rahman Ibn Abu Bakr came in with a Siwak (tooth stick) in his hand, while the Prophet’s head was in my lap. I noticed that he was looking at the Siwak. So I asked him: “Would you like me to have it?” He nodded in the affirmative. I took it and gave it to him. As it was too hard for him, I asked him again: “Shall I soften it for you?” Again, he nodded in the affirmative. So I softened it with my saliva and he passed it (on his teeth). There was a water container available at his hand with some water in. He put his hand in it and wiped his face with it and said: “There is no God but ALLAH. Verily, death is full of agonies.” (Bukhari)

Safeguarding from Dajjal, the LIAR!

Prophet of Islam, Muhammed PBUH and all other prophets who graced the face of earth comprehensively described one tribulation in common and that was none other than the trial of Dajjal. “Abdullah Ibn ‘Omar said, The Prophet stood up to address the people. He praised Allah SWT as He deserved to be praised, and then he spoke about Dajjal: ‘I warn you against him; there is no Prophet who has not warned his people against him, even Noah warned his people against him. But I will tell you something which no other Prophet has told his people. You must know that the Dajjal is one-eyed, and Allah SWT is not one-eyed.” Dajjal is one of the greatest signs of the Day of Judgment which is stated in ahadith with detailed emphasis. But despite the clarity of the ahadith, Prophet was still unsure that his ummah understood him.

The word “Dajjal” is derived for the root word Dajl, which accompanies itself with varied meanings in Arabic, which are as follows:
• To lie or to deceive.
• To conceal the reality of something.
• To travel fast.

All the above meanings perfectly fit the bill of Dajjal and his Fitnah as revealed in traditions of beloved Prophet PBUH.

We have reflected few aspects of Dajjal and his system of propaganda in Jews = Dajjal?  Hence, the focus of this write-up is to explore ways and means as to how shall we secure ourselves from this massive turbulence?

It is mentioned clearly in authentic ahadith that Dajjal will travel the whole world except the two sanctuaries i.e. Makkah and Madinah. Anas RA said, “The Prophet said, ‘The Dajjal will come to Madinah, and he will find angles guarding it. Neither plague nor the Dajjal will enter it, InshALLAH.’ (Al-Tirmidhi, Al-Bukhari). When he camps at the salt-marsh (Sabkhah) a place in Madinah, it will be shaken by three tremors – either physically or metaphorically, which will cause all the hypocrites enjoin Dajjal. On that day, Madinah will be cleansed of unholy people and will be refined and purified, Allah SWT knows best.

Renowned hadith scholar Hafiz Al Dhahabi said ‘seeking refuge with ASWT from Dajjal is mentioned in many Mutawatir ahadith (those ahadith with numerous lines of narrators). Abu Darda reported ALLAH’s Apostle (May peace be upon him) as saying: “If anyone learns by heart the first ten verses of the Surah Al-Kahf, he will be protected from the Dajjal.” [Muslim]

Dajjal will be killed by Prophet Isa PBUH. Prophet Isa, will not grace this world as a Prophet rather his manifestation will be that of a follower of the shariah (doctrines) of Prophet Muhammed PBUH. Abdullah ibn ‘Amr said, “The Prophet said, The Dajjal will appear in my Ummah, and will remain for forty, I cannot say whether he meant forty days, forty months or forty years.” – Then ALLAH will send Isa (Jesus), the son of Mary, who will resemble ‘Urwah ibn Mas’ud (one of the companions of Muhammed PBUH). He will chase the Dajjal and kill him”. Majma Ibn Jariyah is reported to have said, “I heard the Prophet saying, ‘The son of Mary will kill the Dajjal at the gate of Ludd’ (At-Tirmidhi).

The Prophet PBUH constantly sought refuge in ALLAH SWT from the trial of Dajjal. The beloved Prophet PBUH use to supplicate this dua in his final tashahhud: (Allaahumma ‘innee ‘a’oothu bika min l’athaabil-qabri, wa min ‘athaabi jahannama, wa min fitnatil-mahyaa walmamaati, wa min sharri fitnatil-maseehid-dajjaal) “Oh ALLAH, I seek refuge in you from the torment of the grave, from the punishment of Hell-fire, and from the trials of life and death, and from the evils of the trial of Dajjal” [Bukhari & Muslim].

Are we hypocritical lovers of Prophet??

The concept of the religion of Islam is to abide by the book of ALLAH i.e. Quran and follow the way of life (Sunnah) of prophet. Life of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was the realistic example of ALLAH’s words i.e. Quran. So perfect was the model that which Muhammad presented, it encompassed all the components of human life to perfection beyond compare. He was an orphan; hardworking shepherd; obedient son; sacrificing nephew; loving and concerned father; compassionate grandfather; devoted husband; noble citizen; courteous neighbor; honest tradesman; trustworthy individual; guardian of orphans and widows; messiah of down-trodden; tolerant preacher never offending belief of others; true social reformer and abolisher of injustice of any kind; pioneer of freedom and equality; merciful forgiver; able and just ruler; advocator of best treatment to one and all especially non believers who come under protection; and the first human to give women equal status in society and the right of full possession of property and inheritance from parents, sons, brothers and sisters and so on. An exemplary visionary who relentlessly worked to bring the mankind close to his creator (ALLAH) thereby on a common platform rising above, religion, sex, cast, creed, colour, race, social status, etc.

Who can better pursue the philosophy of Prophet than his own companions as they witnessed him practicing perfectly what he preached. They were never impolite or offensive. They respected and honored him more than themselves. Let me quote an example of a companion, Khubaib (may ALLAH be pleased with him) at the last minute of his life, the pagans asked him: “Don’t you wish that you were spared and Muhammad PBUH got this punishment? Would you not like that you were resting comfortably in your home, while he was killed in your place?” From the man who was about to die because he had accepted the Message brought by Muhammad PBUH came with this reply: “By ALLAH, I cannot even imagine that a thorn should prick the foot of Muhammad PBUH while I rest in my home.” On the occasion of treaty of Hudaibia, Quraish (the Prophet’s tribe) sent Orwa Ibn Masud to negotiate with the Prophet in the Hudaibia area; he was greatly impressed by how the companions treated the Prophet. He said, “I have visited the kings of Persia, Rome and Abysinia, but I have not seen any leader more revered and respected by his people than Muhammad. If he ordered them to do anything, they do it without delay. If he performs Wudhu (washing up for prayer) they all seek the remainder of the water he used. They never look at him in the eye, out of respect.” This is how the Prophet was treated by his companions. He was ALLAH’s Messenger who possessed great qualities and the best of conduct ever.

There are three signs which indicate that a person has tasted the sweetness of faith.

  1. That he loves ALLAH and His Prophet more than anything else.
  2. He loves everyone solely for the sake of ALLAH.
  3. After accepting Islam he hates going back to non-belief as much as he hates going into the fire.” [Bukhari and Muslim]

This kind of incredible relationship with the prophet has to be for two reasons

  • Because he is the core of the entire religion
  • Because he has set examples for us not just for admiration but emulation.

What is the relation of an average metropolitan Muslim and prophet? We no doubt adore our beloved Prophet Muhammad, to whom we even desire to sacrifice our lives. However, it is a real pity that our minds are corrupted and we are subjugated by the external environment. If we really love our Prophet, we should have followed him by abstaining from the things he ostracized. The Sunnah is diminishing from our lives, our actions are way beyond what Muhammad (pbuh) had envisaged for his treasured ummah.

Islam is a perfect religion and every solution to any problem is described in the Holy Quran and very evidently practiced by Prophet Muhammad. In the context of blasphemy against our prophet, our brothers rightly protested, banned products, and few laid downed their lives. Let us analyze how our Prophet responded to mischief mongers and evil doers. Everyone is aware of the narrative about the woman, who always put her garbage on the road whenever Prophet Muhammad was passing. Frankly, I was upset when I first listened to such incidence. But later, as a Muslim, I reasoned that I have to do what Prophet did. i.e. follow him. My Prophet never uttered a word to the woman, just moved on with a smile. Later on when she fell sick, the Prophet was the first to visit her in spite of her behaviour. This very gesture moved her heart and she embraced Islam.

Recall the event at Taif, when the Prophet was stoned. The angel Jibrael AS appeared and offered to crush the people between the two mountains, but still, even in that condition, the Prophet cared about the people and replied: ‘No, I hope that these people will one day come to worship only Allah and Him alone’? and did not let angel do so. Soon the Taif’s offspring’s entered into realm of Islam.

In this world, there are still millions of people who are living in darkness and ignorance. It becomes gravely important to enlighten the mass (by dawah) to the message of our Prophet in best possible manner. The use of social networking sites and internet will largely support this cause. Facebook has provided us a medium to interact with everyone throughout the world and where the Prophet is being criticized, it is like a blessing in disguise for us. As every non-Muslim there in, is putting forward his perspective. We ought to answer them and clear their misconception appropriately accompanied with logical facts.

Hence, I request Muslims to broaden their horizon of thought and actions. Work earnestly to become better Muslims by incorporating values of Sunnah. Seek an opportunity in every adversity to spread the message of Muhammad to those who criticize Islam. Verily ALLAH knows our intentions and actions are well judged. Expect nothing but HIS appeasement alone!

Authenticity of Milad

12th Rabi-ul-awal of the Arabic calendar is the day on which our beloved Prophet Muhammed (Peace and Blessings be upon him) was born, according to all-time famous historian Allama Ibn-e-khaldun. Prophet clearly said that he was born on Monday, It was narrated from Abu Qutaadah al-Ansaari (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah PBUH was asked about fasting on Mondays. He said, “On that day I was born and on that day the Revelation came to me.” (Narrated by Muslim, 1978).

Milad means the day of birth in Arabic language. Now we have to find out that, did the Prophet PBUH celebrated his birthday or did his Sahaba (Prophet’s best followers ) celebrated Prophet’s birth or did any one amongst the salaf us saleheen (rightegeous) celebrated it? History does not substantiate any instance advocating celebration of Prophet’s Birthday. Hence it is very clear that neither did the prophet celebrate his birthday nor did the Sahaba (his companions) celebrate it. Allah SWT says in his holy Quran “And whatsoever the Messenger (Muhammad) gives you, take it; and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain (from it)” [al-Hashr 59:7]

And the Prophet PBUH said: “I urge you to adhere to my Sunnah [way] and the way of the Rightly-Guided khaleefahs. Adhere to it and cling tightly to it. And beware of newly-invented matters [in religion], for every newly-invented matter is an innovation and every innovation is a going-astray.” (Narrated by Abu Dawood, al-Sunnah, 3991; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, no. 3851). This tradition of Prophet PBUH points to us three vital things
• Prophet PBUH urged his ummah to adhere to his path
• And to adhere to the path of rightly guided khaleefahs (his companions)
• And beware of bidah (inventing new matters into the religion)

In the year 624 Hijrah (Arabic calendar) the practice of celebrating Milad started. This was established by Sultan Abu Saeed Muzaffer. In his Court there was an alim (religious scholar) by name Abul Khattab ibn Dahiya, he wrote a book supporting the celebration of Milad for which he was awarded 1000 dirhams as a token of appreciation for his work by the Sultan (the ruler). Most of the religious scholars say that Abul Khattab ibn Dahiya was a liar of the highest order hence his works are not trusted by most of the scholars. [Ibn Kathir in Al Bidayah wan Nihayah, Volume 13, Page No. 137]. This indicates that observance of Milad is an innovation which emerged 600 years after Prophet PBUH. Is this not a serious matter to be pondered upon???

So much to so that modern day Milad celebration is far from all that is desired of a Muslim gathering. They include in these gatherings haraam and reprehensible things, such as free mixing of men and women, singing, or committing actions of shirk such as seeking the help of the Prophet PBUH, calling upon him, seeking his support against their enemies. Late night Milad programs cause hindrance in offering Fajr prayers. Additionally, people think that attending these gatherings bring them rewards and source of blessing, and remaining absent attributes to sin, and label the absentees as ‘enemies of the prophet’.

Lets remember our Prophet PBUH on this day and introspect ourselves that how close we are in following his sunnah and let we strive to become the followers like Sahaba (beloved companions of Prophet PBUH) Finally we should all resolve to abstain from such untoward innovation like Milad. Aameen.