Sunnah of SLEEP


Islam is a complete religion which encompasses all the aspects of human life. It direct its followers on all issues be they small or large, imperative or insignificant Here in this blog we intend to shed some light on the sunnah of a day to day activity of sleep. Prescribed hours of sleep is a basic requirement of all human beings. One third or a little less than that of a day we all spend in sleeping. It becomes essential on our parts to try and get the cognizance on how our beloved Prophet dealt with the activity of sleep.

In the form of bulletin points some few authentic actions of sunnah are laid down

1. Sleeping with Wudoo (abulution)

The Prophet PBUH said to al-Baraa` bin ‘Aazib RA: If you go to your bed, then do your wudoo` (ablution) as you would do it for prayer, then lie on your right, [Bukhari] 

2. Sleeping on the right side

The Prophet PBUH used to sleep on his right side, putting his right hand on his right cheek, and this is what the Prophet PBUH recommended others to do. According to a saheeh hadeeth narrated from al-Baraa’ ibn ‘Aazib, the Prophet PBUH said: “When you go to bed, do wudoo’ as if for prayer, then lie down on your right side…” [Bukhari]

3. Reciting Surat al-Ikhlas, an-Nas, and an-Naas Before Sleeping

‘Aishah RA narrated that the Messenger PBUH used to recite “Qulhuwallahu ahad”, “Qul a’oothu birrabilfalaq” and “Qul a’oothu birrabinnaas” every night when he went to sleep, then wiped his face and whatever he was able from his body, beginning with his head and face, and what faces him from his body, three times”. [Al-Bukhaari]

4. Doing Takbeer and Tasbeeh When Going to Sleep

‘Ali RA narrates that the Messenger of Allah PBUH said when Faatimah RA asked him for a servant, “Shall I not lead you to that which is better for you than a servant? If you go to your mattresses, or rest to sleep, then say Allahu Akbar thirty-four times, and say subhaan Allah thirty-three times, and say alhamdulilah thirty-three times, for they are better for you than having a servant”

5. Do Zikr while sleeping

Abu Hurairah RA reported: Messenger of Allah PBUH said, “Whoever sits in a place where he does not remember Allah (SWT), he will suffer loss and incur displeasure of Allah; and whoever lies down (to sleep) in a place where he does not remember Allah, he will suffer sorrow and incur displeasure of Allah.” [Abu Dawud].

6. Making Du’a When Awoken from Sleep

‘Ubaadah bin as-Saamit RA narrates that the Prophet PBUH said: “Anyone awoken in the night and says: Laa ilaha illa Allah, wahdatu laa shareeka lah, lahul-mulku walahul hamd, wa huwa ‘ala kulli shay`in qadeer, alhamdulilah was-subhaan Allah, wallahu akbar, wa laa hawla wa laa quwata illa billah, then said, Allahumma aghfirli or invoked Allah, he will be answered, and if he does ablution and prays, his prayer will be accepted” [al-Bukhaari: 1154]

7. Du’a Once Awake

Narrated by Huthayfa Al –Yamaan, “Alhamdulilahalatheeahyaanaaba’damaaamatana, wailayhin-nushoor” (Praise be to ALLAH SWT who granted us life after death, and to HIM we will be resurrected) (Al-Bukhari: 6312)

 8. Disapproved posture of sleep

Ya’ish bin Tikhfah Al-Ghifari RA reported: My father said: I was lying down on my belly in the mosque when someone shook me with his foot and said, “Lying down this way is disapproved by Allah.” I looked up and saw that it was Messenger of Allah PBUH. [Abu Dawud] This form of lying is a common practiced by many of us out of ignorance. We need to correct our posture of sleeping.

Muslims must strive to emulate the Prophet PBUH not only in the matters pertaining to five pillars of Islam (Shahadah, Salat, Zakat, Ramadhan and Hajj) and shariah laws but implement Sunnah in our recurrent activities such as walking, talking, eating, bathing, washing, smiling, greeting, travelling, and even sleeping. May ALLAH SWT guide, strengthen, provide courage and staunch conviction to replicate Prophet’s PBUH way of life (Sunnah) in all facades of our life.

It is indisputable that Muhammad PBUH is the most diligently followed personality in the history of civilization. There is no human like him and never will be. He is our Prophet and   Messenger and may ALLAH SWT elevate his position to a magnitude than it already is. Pray ALLAH SWT grant us love for HIM and HIS Messenger PBUH, Aameen.

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EID-UL-FITR


We have come to the end of this auspicious month of Ramadan which is followed by the happy celebration of Eid. Muslims all over the world celebrate this grand occasion following a month long fasting by refraining from most of the pleasures of this worldly life devoting their optimum time in the worship of ALLAH SWT. This is a day which marks the end of Ramadan. ALLAH SWT the most Beneficent, the Merciful is also pleased to see His Ummath celebrating this grand occasion in the best possible manner.

Salient features of celebrating the occasion of Eid are as follows:-

Playing, recreation, and eating on the day of Eid:

These are permissible as long as they stay within the acceptable bounds of Islam. Anas ra said: When the Prophet PBUH came to Madinah, they had two days for amusement. The Prophet PBUH has exchanged these days for two better days: the day of breaking the fast and the day of sacrifice. (Related by An-Nasa’i and Ibn Hibban)

Taking women and children to the prayer area:

The Prophet PBUH used to take his wives and daughters to the both the Eid prayers. Umm Atiyah said: “We were ordered to go out with the young virgins and menstruating women to both the Eids in order to participate in the goodness and the supplications of the Muslims. The menstruating women though would stay away from the prayer area.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

Going to the prayer area:

The Prophet PBUH used to go to the prayer area by walking and would take different route while returning. Jaber narrated: “On the days of Eid, The Prophet PBUH would go to the prayer area by one route and come back by another route.” (Bukhari)

Eating before going to the prayer area:

During Eid al-Fitr it is preferable to eat something before heading to Eid prayers while it is the reverse on Eid ul Adha. The Prophet PBUH used to eat an odd number of dates before going to pray Salat al-Eid. Anas reported: “The Prophet PBUH would not go out on the day of Eid al-Fitr without eating an odd number of dates.”(Bukhari)

Preparation for Eid prayer:

It is preferred to make Ghusl (take a bath), wear the best available clothes and, advisable for men to use fragrance and stuff before going to Salat al-Eid. Ibn Al-Qayyim said: “The Prophet PBUH used to wear his best clothes for the Eid prayers and he had separate set of clothes reserved for the two Eids and Jumu’ah.”

Making Takbeer:

Takbeer starts from the night of Eid’s eve until the Imam comes out to start the prayer. Allah says “You should complete the prescribed period and then you should glorify Allah (i.e., say Takbeer) for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him.”[Surah Baqarah: 185] The form of takbeer in hadith is related by `Umar and Ibn Mas`ud: “Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, La illaha illallah. Allahu Akbar. Allahu Akbar wa lillahil-hamd.”

Congratulating each other:

It has been narrated that when the Prophet’s companions met each other on the Eid day, they would say to each other: “May Allah accept from us and from you.” (Ahmad)

On this happy occasion of Eid-ul-Fitr, the author of this script wishes to seize this opportunity in extending to you and from you to all your family members, relatives and friends many happy pleasures of Eid and lot’s more to come. May Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’aala grant you and your families ever increasing prosperity and grand success both in this world and the hereafter. Aameen.

Essence of EID-ul-ADHA


Every festival brings in a remembrance of rejoicing moment which had passed long ago. A festival brings in its own uniqueness, a message, history, sacrifices involved, and most of the times an opportunity for us to connect ourselves to our creator – essence of our spiritual lives.

Every religion has its own set of festivals. Some have more and some have less.

Similarly the ummah of our last and beloved prophet Muhammed PBUH is also gifted by two occasions by Allah SWT to cherish and celebrate. The occasions are Eid-ul-fitr and Eid-ul-adha. Eid-ul-fitr falls on 1st of shawal (10th month of the lunar calendar) and Eid-ul-adha falls on 10th day of zul hijj (12th month of the lunar calendar). Muslims have a very different approach of celebrating festivals than others.

The prophet use to celebrate Eid by increasing the remembrance of Allah SWT. Two rakahs of special prayer was offered by the prophet PBUH and the way these two rakahs are offered is different from the normal prayers. On the occasion of Eid-ul-adha Prophet PBUH used to recite takbeer (La ila-ha ill-lal-lah. ALLAHo-Akber, ALLAHo-Akber. Wa-lilahill hamd) from Maghrib on the 9th Zdilhijjah and last until the Asr on the 12th Zdilhijjah. The takbeer translates as: ALLAH is greater. ALLAH is greater. There is no God but ALLAH. ALLAH is greater. ALLAH is greater. And all praises are for ALLAH. As said every festival has a moment of remembrance behind it.

This very Eid-ul-adha carries a rich history of ALLAH’s (SWT) beloved slave; prophet Ibrahim. This prophet was put to a lot of trials. Right from his childhood he had the essence of tawheed (monotheism) in him. The whole clan of prophet Ibrahim was idol worshippers but he never indulged in that, instead he rouse in revolt against it for which he was awarded severe punishment and torment. In his youth he was married to Sarah. The couple was not blessed with a child for a long period. Prophet Ibrahim then married Hajira. She bore a child i.e. Prophet Ismail. The first wife Sarah became a little jealous of Hajira and her child hence Allah SWT ordered Prophet Ibrahim to leave the land of Palestine and migrate to the land of Makkah.

Allah SWT ordered prophet Ibrahim to leave his wife Hajira and son Ismail in the lifeless valley of Makkah. As prophet Ibrahim was getting ready to return to the land of Palestine, his wife Hajira asked him: “Who ordered you to leave us here”? When Ibrahim replied: “ALLAH”, Hajira said: “then ALLAH will not forget us; you can go”. Although Ibrahim had left a large quantity of food and water with Hajira and Ismail, the supplies quickly ran out and within a few days the two were suffering from hunger and thirst. Hajira had to face lots of difficulties to quench her and her son’s thirst. But she got away by having a strong faith in ALLAH (SWT). True that supreme faith in Allah SWT tides away any hardship.

After some time when prophet Ibrahim returned to meet his wife and son they were quite happy with whatever the Almighty had bestowed on them. Allah SWT wanted to put Prophet Ibrahim in yet another trial but this was the toughest of all. ALLAH (SWT) had ordered Prophet Ibrahim to sacrifice his son. Prophet Ibrahim was in dilemma as to what to choose? Is it Love of God over the Love of self, Prophet hood over Fatherhood, Loyalty to God over Loyalty to family, Truth over Reality, Responsibility over Pleasure, Duty over Right, Tawheed over Shirk. He preferred to choose ALLAH (SWT) and decided to sacrifice Ismail.

On the grounds of Mina near Makkah, an amazing conversation between father and son took place. Ibrahim said to Ismail: “O my Son, I see in a vision that I offer you in sacrifice. Now see what is your view?” (Quran – 37:102). Ismail replied in comforting words: “O my father! Do as you are commanded. You will find me, if ALLAH so wills, patient and constant” (Quran – 37:103). This shows the staunchness of faith in the young Ismail.

This gave Ibrahim strength. Ibrahim tied his heart to ALLAH (SWT), he took Ismail his only son in one hand and the knife in the other and he walked until he reached the place of sacrifice. Ibrahim was suffering a lot at every moment. It was possible for him to retract and turn back. Yet he laid Ismail on the ground, putting his face away from him to give strength to his crushed soul and paralyzed hand. And so he began to slaughter Ismail. But, by ALLAH’s grace, the knife did not cut. Ismail was replaced by a heavenly sheep and the later was sacrificed.

ALLAH (SWT) was extremely pleased by this act of his beloved prophet and said: “O Ibrahim! You have confirmed the Vision Thus indeed do We reward those who do right this is indeed the manifest trial!” (Quran – 37:104-105) But today do we really understand what Ibrahim went through? Do we appreciate what it was like to be Ibrahim? Can we grasp in thought what happened? Why is it that we regard Ibrahim as the father of faith? The patriarchal figure of the three major world religions, i.e. Islam, Christianity and Judaism.

What we really need to understand is that by offering the sacrifices to Almighty we must go to an extent to which Prophet Ibrahim went. Mere sacrificing an animal does not suffice. ALLAH (SWT) says: “Never does their flesh nor their blood reach ALLAH, but your piety successfully reaches Him” (Quran – 22:37).